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Statue of Liberty, Liberty Island, New York

The Statue of Liberty was a gift from the French government for the 100th anniversary of American Independence. It was designed by a French sculptor, Frederic Auguste Bartholdi while the steel framework was made by Gustave Eiffel. The workshop Bartholdi chose for building the statue was Gaget, Gauthier, and Company because they were experienced in the intricate technique of copper repousse. The location chosen was Bedloe's Island situated just inside the narrows of New York Harbour, a "gateway to America". The statue was shipped to America in 1885 in 241 pieces by the French frigate "Isere". The pedestal on which the statue stands was paid for by the American people spurred on by a major fund raising effort undertaken by the publisher Joseph Pulitzer, who promised to publish in his newspaper the name of each donor, no matter how small. Finally in 1886 the statue was erected and the dedication ceremony took place on 28th October and although the symbol of liberty was female, no women were invited. From the ground to the torch is 305feet; from the top of the base to the torch is 151feet. The pedestal itself sits upon a foundation that grows up from within the star shaped walls of old Fort Wood. The seven rays on her crown represent the seven seas and the seven continents; the torch portrays a beacon which enlightens, whilst the tablet represents law and the broken chains at her feet, liberation. 1903 saw the installation of a bronze plaque in the base of the statue inscribed with the famous poem by Emma Lazarus "The New Colossus" including the lines".give me your tired, your poor, your huddles masses yearning to breathe free." In 1916 renovation was carried out which included removing copper from the torch and installing gas lamps and amber glass. In 1924 the island was renamed Liberty Island and the Statue of Liberty was declared a national monument. In 1984 major restoration work commenced, including the replacement of the torch, the original is kept on display.

USA - Statue of Liberty, Liberty Island, New York

Statue of Liberty, Liberty Island, New York

The Statue of Liberty was a gift from the French government for the 100th anniversary of American Independence. It was designed by a French sculptor, Frederic Auguste Bartholdi while the steel framework was made by Gustave Eiffel. The workshop Bartholdi chose for building the statue was Gaget, Gauthier, and Company because they were experienced in the intricate technique of copper repousse. The location chosen was Bedloe's Island situated just inside the narrows of New York Harbour, a "gateway to America". The statue was shipped to America in 1885 in 241 pieces by the French frigate "Isere". The pedestal on which the statue stands was paid for by the American people spurred on by a major fund raising effort undertaken by the publisher Joseph Pulitzer, who promised to publish in his newspaper the name of each donor, no matter how small. Finally in 1886 the statue was erected and the dedication ceremony took place on 28th October and although the symbol of liberty was female, no women were invited. From the ground to the torch is 305feet; from the top of the base to the torch is 151feet. The pedestal itself sits upon a foundation that grows up from within the star shaped walls of old Fort Wood. The seven rays on her crown represent the seven seas and the seven continents; the torch portrays a beacon which enlightens, whilst the tablet represents law and the broken chains at her feet, liberation. 1903 saw the installation of a bronze plaque in the base of the statue inscribed with the famous poem by Emma Lazarus "The New Colossus" including the lines".give me your tired, your poor, your huddles masses yearning to breathe free." In 1916 renovation was carried out which included removing copper from the torch and installing gas lamps and amber glass. In 1924 the island was renamed Liberty Island and the Statue of Liberty was declared a national monument. In 1984 major restoration work commenced, including the replacement of the torch, the original is kept on display.

USA - Statue of Liberty, Liberty Island, New York

Statue of Liberty, Liberty Island, New York

The Statue of Liberty was a gift from the French government for the 100th anniversary of American Independence. It was designed by a French sculptor, Frederic Auguste Bartholdi while the steel framework was made by Gustave Eiffel. The workshop Bartholdi chose for building the statue was Gaget, Gauthier, and Company because they were experienced in the intricate technique of copper repousse. The location chosen was Bedloe's Island situated just inside the narrows of New York Harbour, a "gateway to America". The statue was shipped to America in 1885 in 241 pieces by the French frigate "Isere". The pedestal on which the statue stands was paid for by the American people spurred on by a major fund raising effort undertaken by the publisher Joseph Pulitzer, who promised to publish in his newspaper the name of each donor, no matter how small. Finally in 1886 the statue was erected and the dedication ceremony took place on 28th October and although the symbol of liberty was female, no women were invited. From the ground to the torch is 305feet; from the top of the base to the torch is 151feet. The pedestal itself sits upon a foundation that grows up from within the star shaped walls of old Fort Wood. The seven rays on her crown represent the seven seas and the seven continents; the torch portrays a beacon which enlightens, whilst the tablet represents law and the broken chains at her feet, liberation. 1903 saw the installation of a bronze plaque in the base of the statue inscribed with the famous poem by Emma Lazarus "The New Colossus" including the lines".give me your tired, your poor, your huddles masses yearning to breathe free." In 1916 renovation was carried out which included removing copper from the torch and installing gas lamps and amber glass. In 1924 the island was renamed Liberty Island and the Statue of Liberty was declared a national monument. In 1984 major restoration work commenced, including the replacement of the torch, the original is kept on display.

USA - Statue of Liberty, Liberty Island, New York

Statue of Liberty, Liberty Island, New York

The Statue of Liberty was a gift from the French government for the 100th anniversary of American Independence. It was designed by a French sculptor, Frederic Auguste Bartholdi while the steel framework was made by Gustave Eiffel. The workshop Bartholdi chose for building the statue was Gaget, Gauthier, and Company because they were experienced in the intricate technique of copper repousse. The location chosen was Bedloe's Island situated just inside the narrows of New York Harbour, a "gateway to America". The statue was shipped to America in 1885 in 241 pieces by the French frigate "Isere". The pedestal on which the statue stands was paid for by the American people spurred on by a major fund raising effort undertaken by the publisher Joseph Pulitzer, who promised to publish in his newspaper the name of each donor, no matter how small. Finally in 1886 the statue was erected and the dedication ceremony took place on 28th October and although the symbol of liberty was female, no women were invited. From the ground to the torch is 305feet; from the top of the base to the torch is 151feet. The pedestal itself sits upon a foundation that grows up from within the star shaped walls of old Fort Wood. The seven rays on her crown represent the seven seas and the seven continents; the torch portrays a beacon which enlightens, whilst the tablet represents law and the broken chains at her feet, liberation. 1903 saw the installation of a bronze plaque in the base of the statue inscribed with the famous poem by Emma Lazarus "The New Colossus" including the lines".give me your tired, your poor, your huddles masses yearning to breathe free." In 1916 renovation was carried out which included removing copper from the torch and installing gas lamps and amber glass. In 1924 the island was renamed Liberty Island and the Statue of Liberty was declared a national monument. In 1984 major restoration work commenced, including the replacement of the torch, the original is kept on display.

USA - Statue of Liberty, Liberty Island, New York

Statue of Liberty, Liberty Island, New York

The Statue of Liberty was a gift from the French government for the 100th anniversary of American Independence. It was designed by a French sculptor, Frederic Auguste Bartholdi while the steel framework was made by Gustave Eiffel. The workshop Bartholdi chose for building the statue was Gaget, Gauthier, and Company because they were experienced in the intricate technique of copper repousse. The location chosen was Bedloe's Island situated just inside the narrows of New York Harbour, a "gateway to America". The statue was shipped to America in 1885 in 241 pieces by the French frigate "Isere". The pedestal on which the statue stands was paid for by the American people spurred on by a major fund raising effort undertaken by the publisher Joseph Pulitzer, who promised to publish in his newspaper the name of each donor, no matter how small. Finally in 1886 the statue was erected and the dedication ceremony took place on 28th October and although the symbol of liberty was female, no women were invited. From the ground to the torch is 305feet; from the top of the base to the torch is 151feet. The pedestal itself sits upon a foundation that grows up from within the star shaped walls of old Fort Wood. The seven rays on her crown represent the seven seas and the seven continents; the torch portrays a beacon which enlightens, whilst the tablet represents law and the broken chains at her feet, liberation. 1903 saw the installation of a bronze plaque in the base of the statue inscribed with the famous poem by Emma Lazarus "The New Colossus" including the lines".give me your tired, your poor, your huddles masses yearning to breathe free." In 1916 renovation was carried out which included removing copper from the torch and installing gas lamps and amber glass. In 1924 the island was renamed Liberty Island and the Statue of Liberty was declared a national monument. In 1984 major restoration work commenced, including the replacement of the torch, the original is kept on display.

USA - Statue of Liberty, Liberty Island, New York

Statue of Liberty, Liberty Island, New York

The Statue of Liberty was a gift from the French government for the 100th anniversary of American Independence. It was designed by a French sculptor, Frederic Auguste Bartholdi while the steel framework was made by Gustave Eiffel. The workshop Bartholdi chose for building the statue was Gaget, Gauthier, and Company because they were experienced in the intricate technique of copper repousse. The location chosen was Bedloe's Island situated just inside the narrows of New York Harbour, a "gateway to America". The statue was shipped to America in 1885 in 241 pieces by the French frigate "Isere". The pedestal on which the statue stands was paid for by the American people spurred on by a major fund raising effort undertaken by the publisher Joseph Pulitzer, who promised to publish in his newspaper the name of each donor, no matter how small. Finally in 1886 the statue was erected and the dedication ceremony took place on 28th October and although the symbol of liberty was female, no women were invited. From the ground to the torch is 305feet; from the top of the base to the torch is 151feet. The pedestal itself sits upon a foundation that grows up from within the star shaped walls of old Fort Wood. The seven rays on her crown represent the seven seas and the seven continents; the torch portrays a beacon which enlightens, whilst the tablet represents law and the broken chains at her feet, liberation. 1903 saw the installation of a bronze plaque in the base of the statue inscribed with the famous poem by Emma Lazarus "The New Colossus" including the lines".give me your tired, your poor, your huddles masses yearning to breathe free." In 1916 renovation was carried out which included removing copper from the torch and installing gas lamps and amber glass. In 1924 the island was renamed Liberty Island and the Statue of Liberty was declared a national monument. In 1984 major restoration work commenced, including the replacement of the torch, the original is kept on display.

USA - Statue of Liberty, Liberty Island, New York

Statue of Liberty, Liberty Island, New York

The Statue of Liberty was a gift from the French government for the 100th anniversary of American Independence. It was designed by a French sculptor, Frederic Auguste Bartholdi while the steel framework was made by Gustave Eiffel. The workshop Bartholdi chose for building the statue was Gaget, Gauthier, and Company because they were experienced in the intricate technique of copper repousse. The location chosen was Bedloe's Island situated just inside the narrows of New York Harbour, a "gateway to America". The statue was shipped to America in 1885 in 241 pieces by the French frigate "Isere". The pedestal on which the statue stands was paid for by the American people spurred on by a major fund raising effort undertaken by the publisher Joseph Pulitzer, who promised to publish in his newspaper the name of each donor, no matter how small. Finally in 1886 the statue was erected and the dedication ceremony took place on 28th October and although the symbol of liberty was female, no women were invited. From the ground to the torch is 305feet; from the top of the base to the torch is 151feet. The pedestal itself sits upon a foundation that grows up from within the star shaped walls of old Fort Wood. The seven rays on her crown represent the seven seas and the seven continents; the torch portrays a beacon which enlightens, whilst the tablet represents law and the broken chains at her feet, liberation. 1903 saw the installation of a bronze plaque in the base of the statue inscribed with the famous poem by Emma Lazarus "The New Colossus" including the lines".give me your tired, your poor, your huddles masses yearning to breathe free." In 1916 renovation was carried out which included removing copper from the torch and installing gas lamps and amber glass. In 1924 the island was renamed Liberty Island and the Statue of Liberty was declared a national monument. In 1984 major restoration work commenced, including the replacement of the torch, the original is kept on display.

USA - Statue of Liberty, Liberty Island, New York

Goldman, Sachs Tower near the Colgate Clock, New Jersey

The Goldman, Sachs Tower is situated in Jersey City and is the tallest building in New Jersey. It was designed by Cesar Pelli, built in 2004, has 42 floors and stands 781 feet tall. The Colgate Clock is located on the front of the former site of the headquarters of Colgate Palmolive. It was built in 1924 to replace an earlier, smaller clock and is 50 feet across, facing the East River harbor.The clock is 100 metres away from the Goldman Sachs Tower, the construction of which required its minor relocation southward.

USA - Goldman, Sachs Tower near the Colgate Clock, New Jersey

Chrysler Building, Manhattan New York

Walter P Chrysler, the car manufacturer, founded his corporation in 1925 and wanted headquarters in New York to symbolize the company. William Van Alen was the architect and his original plan was to produce a chrome structure to be the tallest in the world at 840 feet high .However, a battle started when H. Craig Severance, his previous partner and now rival, announced that his design for the new headquarters of the Bank of Manhattan would be two feet higher than the Chrysler building. In 1929 the bank topped out at 927 feet after having had ten penthouse floors added and a fifty foot flagpole. However, six weeks after it looked like Severance had won, a 185 foot steel spire which had been assembled inside the lift shaft was raised up and bolted in place. The spike raised the Chrysler building's height to 1046 feet which was 117 feet higher than the Bank of Manhattan. On the 61st floor there are stainless steel gargoyles of eagles, those on lower floors were shaped to resemble the radiator caps of a 1928 Chrysler car. The spire was modeled on a radiator grille and was restored in 1996. The only full time occupant of the building was Margaret Bourke White. She was a photojournalist and lived and worked in a highly decorated studio on the 61st floor. The lobby was used as a showroom for Chrysler cars and is decorated with patterned marble and granite from around the world. A vast painted ceiling shows transportation scenes of the late 1920's. One year after its completion it lost the title of the highest building to the Empire State Building.

USA - Chrysler Building, Manhattan New York

Chrysler Building Manhattan New York

Walter P Chrysler, the car manufacturer, founded his corporation in 1925 and wanted headquarters in New York to symbolize the company. William Van Alen was the architect and his original plan was to produce a chrome structure to be the tallest in the world at 840 feet high .However, a battle started when H. Craig Severance, his previous partner and now rival, announced that his design for the new headquarters of the Bank of Manhattan would be two feet higher than the Chrysler building. In 1929 the bank topped out at 927 feet after having had ten penthouse floors added and a fifty foot flagpole. However, six weeks after it looked like Severance had won, a 185 foot steel spire which had been assembled inside the lift shaft was raised up and bolted in place. The spike raised the Chrysler building's height to 1046 feet which was 117 feet higher than the Bank of Manhattan. On the 61st floor there are stainless steel gargoyles of eagles, those on lower floors were shaped to resemble the radiator caps of a 1928 Chrysler car. The spire was modeled on a radiator grille and was restored in 1996. The only full time occupant of the building was Margaret Bourke White. She was a photojournalist and lived and worked in a highly decorated studio on the 61st floor. The lobby was used as a showroom for Chrysler cars and is decorated with patterned marble and granite from around the world. A vast painted ceiling shows transportation scenes of the late 1920's. One year after its completion it lost the title of the highest building to the Empire State Building.

USA - Chrysler Building Manhattan New York

Chrysler Building Manhattan New York

Walter P Chrysler, the car manufacturer, founded his corporation in 1925 and wanted headquarters in New York to symbolize the company. William Van Alen was the architect and his original plan was to produce a chrome structure to be the tallest in the world at 840 feet high .However, a battle started when H. Craig Severance, his previous partner and now rival, announced that his design for the new headquarters of the Bank of Manhattan would be two feet higher than the Chrysler building. In 1929 the bank topped out at 927 feet after having had ten penthouse floors added and a fifty foot flagpole. However, six weeks after it looked like Severance had won, a 185 foot steel spire which had been assembled inside the lift shaft was raised up and bolted in place. The spike raised the Chrysler building's height to 1046 feet which was 117 feet higher than the Bank of Manhattan. On the 61st floor there are stainless steel gargoyles of eagles, those on lower floors were shaped to resemble the radiator caps of a 1928 Chrysler car. The spire was modeled on a radiator grille and was restored in 1996. The only full time occupant of the building was Margaret Bourke White. She was a photojournalist and lived and worked in a highly decorated studio on the 61st floor. The lobby was used as a showroom for Chrysler cars and is decorated with patterned marble and granite from around the world. A vast painted ceiling shows transportation scenes of the late 1920's. One year after its completion it lost the title of the highest building to the Empire State Building.

USA - Chrysler Building Manhattan New York

Alice in Wonderland bronze sculpture by Jose de Creeft in Central Park New York

The "Alice in Wonderland" statue is a bronze sculpted by Jose de Creeft and was unveiled in 1959. Alice is sitting on a large mushroom surrounded by Lewis Carroll characters- the Mad Hatter, the White Rabbit, the Cheshire Cat, the Caterpillar, the March Hare, the Dormouse and Alice's kitten, Dinah. The Mad Hatter is said to be a caricature of George Delacorte who donated the work in memory of his wife Margarita.De Creeft included lines from Jabberwocky, Margarita's favourite poem in a granite circle around the statue. The book's drawings were originally by John Tenniel and de Creeft partly used them to model the face of Alice. This eleven foot and much clambered upon statue is situated near Conservatory Water and is beautiful. There is another statue in Central Park of Alice in Wonderland by George Frederick Richard Roth in the James Michael Levin Playground.

USA - Alice in Wonderland bronze sculpture by Jose de Creeft in Central Park New York

Bronze statue of Hans Christian Anderson, in Central Park, New York

A bronze statue of Hans Christian Anderson in Central Park, near Conservatory Water. He has an open book on his lap which is the story of "The Ugly Duckling" and at his feet there is a bronze duck. The statue was created by Georg Lober who was born in Chicago and was installed in the park in 1956. On summer weekends, storytellers stand there and tell folktales, including those by Hans Christian Anderson.

USA - Bronze statue of Hans Christian Anderson, in Central Park, New York

Bronze statue of Hans Christian Anderson, in Central Park, New York

A bronze statue of Hans Christian Anderson in Central Park, near Conservatory Water. He has an open book on his lap which is the story of "The Ugly Duckling" and at his feet there is a bronze duck. The statue was created by Georg Lober who was born in Chicago and was installed in the park in 1956. On summer weekends, storytellers stand there and tell folktales, including those by Hans Christian Anderson.

USA - Bronze statue of Hans Christian Anderson, in Central Park, New York

The Mall, Central Park, New York

The Mall is one of the formal features in the design by Olmstead and Vaux.It was intended as an area where people dressed in their best Sunday clothes could stroll up and down and socialise hence it is 40 foot wide.In order to provide shade for all these people four rows of American elms were planted on either side of the walkway. It has been described as "walking in a cathedral of trees" and that is certainly true. Plus the framework of the trees, the branches and the trunks, looks so artistic.

USA - The Mall, Central Park, New York

"Floating Island" being tugged around Manhattan Island.

This "Floating Island" by Robert Smithson is inside a barge and weighs 150 tons. The 30 by 90 foot plot of floating land has schist rocks inside it which can be seen in Central Park and forms the bedrock there. Robert Smithson had the original concept of the island back in 1970 but only made one detailed sketch of his idea. Due to the artist's death in 1975 it was left to a team led by Diane Shamash to translate the sketch into a reality. The only notes they had to work from merely specified that the plants had to be native to New York and included a willow tree. I really liked it.

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