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Lower Antelope Canyon, Page, Arizona

Antelope Canyon is the most visited slot canyon in the American South West. It is located on Navajo land near Page. Antelope Canyon includes two separate, photogenic slot canyon sections, referred to individually as Upper Antelope Canyon or the Crack and Lower Antelope Canyon or the Corkscrew. Antelope Canyon was formed by the erosion of Navajo Sandstone primarily due to flash flooding. Rainwater, especially during the monsoon season, runs into the extensive basin above the slot canyon sections, picking up speed and sand as it rushes into the narrow passageways. Over time the passageways are eroded away, making the corridors deeper and smoothing hard edges in such a way as to form "flowing shapes" in the rock. Antelope Canyon has been accessible by permit only since 1997, when the Navajo Tribe made it into a Navajo Tribal Park. Upper Antelope Canyon, called Tse bighanilini "the place where water runs through the rocks" is most frequently visited by tourists. First, its entrance and entire length are at ground level requiring no climbing, secondly, beams are much more common in Upper than Lower. Beams of light occur most often in the summer months, as they require the sun to be high in the sky. Lower Antelope Canyon, called Hasdeztwazi or "spiral rock arches" by the Navajo, is located a short distance away. It is more difficult to pass through- even footing is not always available and at the end the climb out requires several long flights of stairs.

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